Periodontal disease affects more than your dental health. For additional motivation to visit your dentist for regular checkups and maintain your thorough dental hygiene routine, review the following information on periodontal disease and your overall health.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Good dental hygiene habits are essential for oral health and the prevention of periodontal disease. Gum or periodontal disease is caused by an excess of bacteria in your mouth. If you forget to brush your teeth or floss, food particles caught between your teeth will be eaten by harmful oral bacteria and gradually turn into plaque . The plaque created by the bacteria contains acid that can cause cavities. The plaque can also cause a gum infection called periodontal disease resulting in deterioration of your gums, loss of bone around the teeth, leading to tooth loss. These bacteria can even infiltrate your entire body, damaging other organs without dental intervention from your dentist.
If you suspect that you could have periodontal disease, look for these common signs and symptoms. You may notice increased sensitivity in your gums, bleeding, or redness. Loose teeth and even bad breath could be indications of periodontal disease’s beginning stages. Frequent headaches or jaw pain could also be signs of gum disease.
The immediate and direct health effects of periodontal disease occur in your mouth. Your gums will feel sore and tender, which may restrict your diet. Without dental treatment, gum disease can affect the alignment of your teeth, which could cause head, jaw, and neck pain.
More seriously, periodontal disease is commonly associated with heart disease. There are several theories about how exactly gum disease affects your heart health; some research suggests that oral bacteria directly cause the damage to the arteries of the cardiovascular system. Another theory states that the cardiovascular system must be damaged by another health problem allowing the oral bacteria to do their cardiovascular damage. Regardless of the precise cause, there is a clear connection. If you have an existing heart condition, periodontal disease may worsen your heart health. Patients suffering from periodontal disease are more likely to suffer from heart disease, stroke, pregnancy complications, and more.
If you are concerned that your dental health may put you at greater risk for disease, visit your dentist at Really Smile in Indianapolis. Make an appointment by calling (877) 619-4857 to discuss your risks, prevention, and treatment options for periodontal disease.